Biologic therapy includes innovative treatments that enhance the body’s natural capacity to heal. It is a type of regenerative medicine that uses various technologies to harvest the natural healing resources of the body such as stem cells, platelets and growth factors and targets their activity towards areas that need healing. These regenerative substances are present in various tissues and are usually obtained from the bone marrow, blood and fat. Biologic therapy is used to treat various medical and orthopedic ailments. It enhances the body’s ability to heal injuries including broken bones, and injured muscle, tendon, and ligaments. It can slow down degeneration, reduce pain, improve movement and delay the need for surgery.
Biologic therapy is an emerging field with a tremendous potential for growth and new applications.
In order for joints to move smoothly, they must contain an adequate amount of cartilage and synovial fluid, which acts as a lubricant and shock absorber. Osteoarthritis causes the cartilage to wear and synovial fluid to lose its properties causing painful rubbing of the bones in the joints.
Viscosupplementation is a procedure where a gel-like substance called hyaluronic acid, which is a component of synovial fluid, is injected into the joints to increase its lubricating and shock absorbing properties.
Our blood consists of a liquid component known as plasma. It also consists of three main solid components which include the red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and platelets. Platelets play an important role in forming blood clots. They also consist of special proteins, known as growth factors, which help with our body’s healing process. Platelet-rich plasma or PRP is a high concentration of platelets and plasma. A normal blood specimen contains only 6% platelets, while platelet-rich plasma contains 94% of platelets and 5 to 10 times the concentration of growth factors found in normal blood, thus greater healing properties.